Milia are tiny pearly looking bumps beneath the skin. They occur most often around the eye and upper cheek area and literally anyone can get them.
Primary milia appear as a result of the protein Keratin being retained within the skin and dead skin build up that then gets trapped in the pores. If the build-up doesn’t get expelled naturally it forms a small cyst.
Secondary milia happens when the sweat ducts become clogged, usually caused by some kind of skin trauma or infection. Lifestyle factors including lack of sleep, smoking, poor personal hygiene can also be a contributor.
Occasionally milia may simply disappear on their own, naturally coming to the surface of the skin after a few weeks or months. How do you get rid of them though if they don’t?
Firstly, forget about squeezing, this will only irritate and cause skin damage. Milia removal is a specialised treatment that needs to be carried out by a professional as it usually requires an incision with a sterile needle. It’s usually quick and painless.
So how can you prevent them?
Removing your make up thoroughly is vital, particularly if you wear a heavy make-up, live or work in polluted areas or hot conditions.
Regular exfoliation will remove surface dead skin cells, aiding the natural renewal process and keeping pores clear.
Retinol is also very helpful for fighting and preventing milia as it assists cell turnover.
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